The Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS) is an independent, US non-profit scientific research and educational organization based in Ferry Reach, Bermuda. For over 100 years BIOS-based researchers and visiting scientists have worked to explore the ocean and address important local and global environmental issues. BIOS’s mission is to seek and share fundamental knowledge of the oceans through state-of-the-art research, world-class field expeditions and comprehensive educational experiences. For more information about research at BIOS or the organization’s education and outreach programs, please visit